Types Of Network In Information Technology

Types Of Network In Information Technology – A communication protocol is a set of rules, conventions, and data sets that govern how devices can communicate with each other. Information on communication. In other words, communication systems can be compared to two languages ​​that machines must understand for effective communication of information regardless of their development and design failures.

To understand the details of networking, it is important to first know the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model. Considering the basic communication model for Internet communication, most of the communication systems used today are based on the OSI model.

Types Of Network In Information Technology

Types Of Network In Information Technology

The OSI model divides the communication process between two communication devices into 7 layers. Each of these 7 groups is assigned a task or group of tasks. All tables are self-centering, and the tasks assigned to them can be executed four independently.

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To put this in perspective, here is an example of a connection between two communication devices that follows the OSI model:

The seven layers of the OSI model can be divided into two parts: the top, which includes 7, 6, and 5, and the bottom, which includes 4, 3, 2, and 1. The top section deals with user issues, and the bottom sections deal with traffic information.

Networking divides the communication process into separate tasks at each layer of the OSI model. One or more computer networks are activated at each stage of the transaction.

The following is a detailed description of the use of network communication in computer networks at each stage of the OSI model:

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Although some say the OSI model is obsolete and less important than the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)/IP network model, there are still references to the OSI model today because the structure of the model helps organize media discussions. Compare different techniques.

Now that you know how to use the OSI model, you can dive into communication classification. Following are some common commands used in network communication.

DHCP is a network protocol that allows network administrators to automatically assign IP addresses within a network. In an IP network, each device connected to the Internet needs a unique IP address. DHCP can allow operators to distribute IP addresses from a central location and automatically assign a new IP address when a device is installed from another location on the network. DHCP works on a client-server model.

Types Of Network In Information Technology

The DNS protocol helps translate or map host names to IP addresses. DNS works on a client-server model, and uses an integrated database of a host of domain names.

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Hosts are authenticated based on their IP address, but remembering the IP address is difficult due to its complexity. IPs are also dynamic, requiring more to map domain names to IP addresses. DNS helps solve this problem by translating domain names into IP addresses.

The File Transfer Protocol allows files to be shared between both local and remote hosts via TCP. For file transfer, FTP makes two TCP connections: control and data connections. The control connection is used to transfer administrative information such as passwords, commands to retrieve and save files, etc., and the data connection is used to transfer the actual file. All these connections run parallel in the file transfer process.

HTTP is an application protocol used for communication, collaboration, and communication. It works on a client-server model, where the website acts as a client. Information such as text, images, and other media files are shared on the World Wide Web using HTTP. As a request and response type protocol, the client sends a request to the server, and then the server processes it before sending a response to the client.

HTTP is a stateless protocol, which means that the client and server only know each other when the connection between them is permanent. After that, both client and server forget about each other. Because of this problem, the client and server cannot log data between requests.

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IMAP is an email protocol that allows users to access and use messages stored in email from their email accounts. locally on their remote device. IMAP follows the client-server model, and allows multiple clients to access messages in the same mailbox. Normal at the same time. IMAP includes the functions of creating, deleting and renaming mailboxes; Check for new messages; permanently delete messages; Set and remove flags; and many other things. The current version of IMAP is version 4 revision 1.

Post Office Protocol is a digital email protocol. Using this command, the end user can download emails from the mailbox to their own mailbox. Once the emails are downloaded locally, they can be read without an internet connection. Additionally, once emails are moved locally, they are deleted from the mailbox, freeing up space. Unlike IMAP4, POP3 was not designed to do much manipulation with messages via email. POP3 is the latest version of the Post Office protocol.

SMTP is a protocol designed to transfer electronic mail reliably and efficiently. SMTP is the mail server and is used to send email, while POP and IMAP are used to retrieve email at the user end. SMTP transfer of emails between systems, and notifications of incoming emails. Using SMTP, a client can forward email to another client on the same network or another network. Through a network or gateway available on both networks.

Types Of Network In Information Technology

Telnet is a series of applications that allow a user to communicate with a remote machine. A Telnet client is installed on the user’s machine, which is used on the command line of another remote machine running. Telnet server program.

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Telnet is primarily used by network administrators to access and control remote devices. To find a remote device, the network administrator needs to enter the IP or host name of the remote device, then they are given a mobile phone that can interact with the host.

SNMP is a network application used to manage nodes such as servers, workstations, routers, switches, etc. in an IP network. SNMP allows network administrators to monitor network performance, identify network failures, and resolve them. The SNMP protocol consists of three parts: a control device, an SNMP agent, and an SNMP manager.

The SNMP agent resides on the control device. An agent is a software program that has local knowledge of management information, and converts that information into a form compatible with an SNMP manager. An SNMP manager provides information received from an SNMP agent, helping network administrators manage nodes effectively.

Currently, there are three types of SNMP: SNMP v1, SNMP v2, and SNMP v3. Both versions 1 and 2 have many of the same features, but SNMP v2 offers improvements such as more functionality. SNMP version 3 (SNMP v3) adds security and remote access capabilities to previous versions.

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The Lightweight Presentation Protocol helps provide support for OSI-based communication services running on TCP/IP protocols for some stressful environments. LPP is designed for a special class of OSI applications, called entities that contain only an Association Control Service Element (ACSE) and a Remote Operation Service Element (ROSE). The LPP does not apply to entities whose use is more broadly defined, ie has a trust transfer element.

RPC is a protocol for making service requests from a program to a remote computer over a network, and can be used without understanding basic communication techniques. RPC uses TCP or UDP to send messages between communicating programs. RPC also works in a client-server model. The application program is the client, and the program providing the services is the server.

TCP is a transport protocol that provides reliable stream delivery and network connectivity to applications through the use of serialization. TCP is a communication protocol, because it needs to establish a connection between requests before transferring data. By controlling the flow and displaying information, TCP provides a lot of error checking. TCP ensures data ordering, meaning that data files arrive in order at the receiving end. Retransmission of lost data can also be done over TCP.

Types Of Network In Information Technology

UDP is a connectionless transport layer protocol that provides a simple yet reliable messaging service. Unlike TCP, UDP does not add reliability, flow control, or error recovery. UDP is useful when the reliability of TCP is not required. Data packets cannot be retransmitted by UDP.

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IPv4 is a network protocol that contains information and controls, which help forward packets across the network. IP and TCP work together to deliver data over a network. Under IP, each host is assigned a 32-bit address that consists of two major parts: a network number and a host number. A connection number identifies a connection and is assigned by the Internet, while a host number identifies a host on the Web and is assigned by a network administrator. IP only forwards packets, and TCP helps get them back in the correct order.

Is the latest version of IPv6

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