Best Software Language – If you’re new to software development, the hardest part of learning to code is deciding where to start. There are hundreds of programming languages in common use, each with its own complexity and specificity.
The good news is that as you start your adventure as a programmer, you will start to discover which programming language best suits you, your interests and career goals.
Best Software Language
In the list below, we’ve reviewed the best and most sought-after programming languages for many of the most common uses, including web development, mobile app development, game development, and more.
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The 9 Best Programming Languages In 2023
Along with Python, SQL programming is essential for the effective use of data in web applications. However, unlike the other coding languages on our list, SQL allows you to store, retrieve, and manipulate data in an existing database.
As the primary database programming language, SQL has its own tags that must be known to communicate effectively with databases. Developers interested in working on applications that use heavily used databases, such as social media platforms, payment processors, and music libraries, should consider learning SQL. For future data professionals, knowledge of SQL is often an essential skill for jobs such as database administrator, data analyst, and quality control engineer.
Rust is a bit of a popular language on this list, but that doesn’t mean it’s not an important language to learn. The 2023 Stack Overflow Developer’s Survey found Rust to be the most liked programming language among developers for the seventh year in a row, with 86.1 percent of Rust developers saying they want to continue working in it.
Best Programming Languages To Learn In 2023
Developed by the Mozilla Corporation, Rust, like C and C++, is primarily intended for low-level system programming. However, what Rust adds to the mix is its emphasis on speed and security. Rust promotes writing “secure code”, preventing programs from accessing parts of memory they don’t need, which can cause unexpected behavior and system crashes.
The advantages of Rust mean that other big tech companies like Dropbox and Coursera use it internally for operational purposes. While it may be a bit more difficult to master than other new languages, Rust programming skills will likely pay off handsomely as the language’s popularity will continue to grow in the near future.
One of the primary languages favored by Google, Go is the smallest language that can be. As a low-level language, Go is ideal for engineers who want to enter the field of systems programming. It includes many of the same features as C and C++ without the difficult syntax and long learning curve. It’s the perfect language for building web servers, data pipelines, and even machine learning packages.
As a unified language, Go works “close to the metal”, which allows for fast run times. It is an open source language and ambitious developers can find their personal contribution to the lives of programmers around the world.
Top Programming Language To Learn 2021
Python is probably the most user-friendly programming language of all on this list. Python’s syntax is often said to be clear, intuitive, and almost English, which, like Java, makes it a popular choice for beginners.
Like Java, Python has many applications that make it a versatile and powerful option for choosing the best programming language for your use case. For example, if you’re interested in back-end web development, the open-source Django framework, written in Python, is popular, easy to learn, and feature-packed. Django is used to build popular sites like Mozilla, Instagram, and Spotify.
Python also has packages such as NumPy and SciPy which are widely used in the fields of scientific computing, mathematics and engineering. Other Python libraries such as TensorFlow, PyTorch, scikit-learn, and OpenCV are used to create programs in the fields of data science, machine learning, computer vision, and computer vision. Python’s science apps and data make it a good choice for those with academic inclinations.
If you’re interested in Apple products and mobile app development, Swift is a great place to start. First announced by Apple in 2014, Swift is a new programming language used to develop apps for iOS and macOS.
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Swift is optimized for performance and built from the ground up to adapt to the realities of modern iOS development. iOS not only runs on every iPhone and iPad, but is also the basis for other operating systems such as watchOS (for Apple Watches) and tvOS (for Apple TV). Moreover, Apple is not going anywhere as a leader in the tech industry, and iOS apps continue to be the most profitable in the mobile app market.
Ruby is another scripting language commonly used for web development. In particular, it is used as the basis for the popular Ruby on Rails web application framework.
Beginners always like Ruby because it has a reputation as one of the friendliest and most helpful user communities. The Ruby community even has an unofficial saying, “Matz is good and we are nice,” which encourages members to model their good and thoughtful behavior after Ruby’s chief inventor, Yukihiro Matsumoto.
In addition to its active community and simple syntax, Ruby is also a great language to learn thanks to its association with major tech companies. Twitter, Airbnb, Bloomberg, Shopify, and countless other startups have all built their websites using Ruby on Rails at some point.
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Like C++, C# (pronounced C Sharp) is a general-purpose object-oriented language built on the foundation of C. It was originally designed by Microsoft as part of the .NET framework for developing applications on Windows.
C# uses syntax similar to other C-derived languages, such as C++, so it’s easy to learn if you’re starting out with another language in the C family. C# is not only Microsoft’s primary application development tool, it’s also the language used by mobile developers to build cross-platform applications on Xamarin.
Additionally, anyone interested in VR development should consider learning C#. C# is the recommended language for developing 3D and 2D video games using the popular Unity game engine, which produces a third of the best games on the market.
If you’re familiar with Java, a classic programming language in its own right, you might want to check out its modern cousin, Scala. Scala combines the best of Java (such as an object-oriented structure and a lightning-fast JVM runtime) with modernity.
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As a functional programming language, Scala allows engineers to improve the quality of their code to resemble pure math. Scala enables concurrent programming by allowing complex routines to be executed in parallel. Moreover, it is a strongly typed language. Engineers can create and customize their own data types, which gives them peace of mind knowing full-blown errors are not possible at runtime.
When deciding which programming language to study, it’s important not to get carried away with trends and popularity contests. The best programming languages to learn in 2023 will probably be the best languages to learn in 2017 and 2018, and this will continue to be the case in the years to come.
Although the field of computer programming is rapidly changing, the languages we mentioned above have a lot of staying power. By learning one or more of these languages, you are in a great position not only for this year, but for years to come.
When starting your adventure with coding, only you can answer the question of which programming language is best to learn. Make your choice based on your interests and the type of software development you want to be in. Here is a quick summary of the various possibilities we have discussed:
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